Establishment of Time-resolved Fluoroimmunoassays for Detection of Growth Hormone and Insulin-like Growth Factor I in Rainbow Trout Plasma
The GH/IGF-I axis influences many aspects of salmonid life history and is involved in a variety of physiological processes that are related to somatic growth (e.g., reproduction, smoltification, and the response to fasting and stress). As such, fisheries studies utilize GH/IGF-I axis components as indicators of growth and metabolic status. This study established time-resolved fluoroimmunoassays (TR-FIAs) for rainbow trout plasma GH and IGF-I using commercially available reagents. For the GH TR-FIA, the ED80 and ED20 were 0.6 and 28.1 ng/mL, the minimum detection limit was 0.2 ng/mL, and the intra- and inter-assay coefficients of variation (%CV) were 4.1% and 13.4%, respectively. Ethanol remaining from acid-ethanol cryoprecipitation (AEC) of plasma samples to remove IGF binding proteins reduced binding and increased variability in the IGF-I TR-FIA. Drying down and reconstituting extracted samples restored binding and reduced variability. The extraction efficiency of IGF-I standards through AEC, drying down, and reconstitution did not vary over the working range of the assay. For the IGF-I TR-FIA, the ED80 and ED20 were 0.2 and 6.5 ng/mL, the minimum detection limit was 0.03 ng/mL, and the intra- and inter-assay %CV were 3.0% and 6.5%, respectively. Biological validation was provided by GH injection and fasting studies in rainbow trout. Intraperitoneal injection with bovine GH increased plasma IGF-I levels. Four weeks of fasting decreased body weight, increased plasma GH levels, and decreased plasma IGF-I levels. The GH and IGF-I TR-FIAs established herein provide a cost-comparable, non-radioisotopic method for quantifying salmonid plasma GH and IGF-I using commercially available reagents.
Medeiros, L.R., J.J. Nagler, and A.L. Pierce. 2020. Establishment of time-resolved fluoroimmunoassays for detection of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor I in rainbow trout plasma. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology 248. Online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2020.110751.